Simanaitis Says

On cars, old, new and future; science & technology; vintage airplanes, computer flight simulation of them; Sherlockiana; our English language; travel; and other stuff


IN 2007, Dennita Sewell of the Phoenix Art Museum curated an exhibition titled “Curves of Steel,” featuring 22 automobiles of world-class stature.


As part of the exhibition, the Phoenix Art Museum published Curves of Steel: Streamlined Automobile Design.

The exhibition’s catalog is a handsome book of coffee-table proportions. (I wonder. Do people still have coffee tables in their living rooms? We have an art table and an antique drafting table, but we might not be the norm.)

The book is printed on heavy stock, with many historical photos and museum shots of the subject cars by Michael Furman. It’s edited by Jonathan A. Stein, with commentaries contributed by other automotive authorities, including Beverly Rae Kimes, Ken Gross and Richard Adatto & Diana Meredith.

Back in 2007, the museum invited me to deliver a docent tour of “Curves of Steel.” Here are tidbits gleaned from my notes.


The 1936 Stout Scarab. These and other images from Curves of Steel.

William Bushnell Stout is best remembered as designer of the Ford Tri-Motor and its latter-day Bushmaster 2000 ( When he turned his engineering wizardy to road-going craft, Stout incorporated several state-of-the-1930s-art aviation features into the Scarab.

The car had an all-aluminum skin wrapped around an aluminum tubular framework. Its passengers lounged in reclining aircraft-like seating in a cabin that was huge for the car’s overall length of 195.5 in. (For reference, a modern Honda Accord is 191.4 in. long.)

Power came from a rear-mounted 85-hp Ford V-8 driving the wheels through a six-row chain transfer case. For a video of a Scarab in action, see I also recommend Stout’s autobiography, So away I went!.


Stout’s autobiography gives inside details of  his aircraft and cars, including the Scarab.

Scarabs were offered in 1936 at prices upward of $5000 (think $86,000 in today’s dollars). Only nine were built.

The Bentley 4 1/4-Litre Embiricos is a tribute to French auto stylist/allied spy Georges Paulin, Greek shipping magnate André Embiricos and the long-legged capability of this famed British marque.


1938 Bentley 4 1/4-Litre Embiricos.

Rolls-Royce/Bentley’s Paris headquarters oversaw Embiricos’ commission. Georges Paulin, who had already designed the sleek Peugeot Darl’mat, got the assignment of turning a Bentley’s rectilinear shape into something capable of high-speed touring through Europe.

Paulin succeeded admirably, as described in Richard Adatto’s From Passion to Perfection: The Story of French Streamlined Styling 1930-1939. Later, during the Nazi occupation of France, Paulin’s alternate profession of dentistry got him involved in allied espionage. He perished in Gestapo hands in 1942. See for details of Paulin’s multi-faceted career.

Paulin’s aerodynamical styling skills and the car’s capabilities were proven by the Embiricos’ record at Le Mans. The car competed three years in a row, 1949 – 1951, more than a decade after it was built, a 6th overall in 1949 its best finish. Talk about legs.


1950s So-Cal belly tanker.

The last car here owes its existence to surplus hardware of World War II and the inventiveness of California hot-rodders Bill Burke, Dave DeLangton and Alex Xydias. Burke recognized the sleekness of 165-gallon war-surplus auxiliary fuel tanks from P-47 Thunderbolt and P-51 Mustang fighter aircraft. DeLangton chose the 315-gallon variant from the Lockheed P-38 Lightning. Its belly tank’s added volume permitted Xydias to install one of his So-Cal Speed Shop hopped-up Ford V-8s.

Fitted with increasingly large engines, the So-Cal Speed Shop Team racer set records of 145.395 mph, 181.085 mph and 195.770 mph at Bonneville National Speed Trials in 1951. A generic term “lakester” came from this and other dry-lake venues. For an evocative look at the era, see Hot Rods and Custom Cars—Los Angeles and the Dry Lakes, by Ken Gross and Robert Ames (

What a wonderfully varied celebration of speed displayed by the Phoenix Art Museum in its “Curves of Steel.” ds

© Dennis Simanaitis,, 2014

3 comments on “CURVES OF STEEL

  1. Grey McGown
    September 2, 2014

    I have this if you’d like to look at it…would love the Strother McMann book but it’s 150+.

  2. patrick
    September 2, 2014

    Dennita is the Fashion Curator at Phoenix Art Museum and is quite the super hero for her talents and exhibitions.

  3. carmacarcounselor
    September 7, 2014

    Last year Bruce Meyer, co-founder of the Petersen Automotive Museum in Los Angeles, invited the museum’s volunteers to a tour of the second floor of his garage in Beverly Hills. That’s where he keeps the cream of his extensive collection. Among its contents are the “Winningest Ferrari Ever” – the 1957 625 TRC Scaglieti Spyder, Shelby Cobra CSX2001, and the The Xydias/So Cal Speed Shop belly tanker (among others). Wow!

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