Simanaitis Says

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PEWABIC POTTERY

FOR MANY years now, I’ve kept a touchstone at my work table. Merely through its appearance and texture, this object helps me put things—good or bad—in perspective. My touchstone is a ceramic tile of muted blue from Pewabic Pottery.

Pewabic

My “Pewabic Pottery House” has siblings at www.pewabic.org, though they’re now glazed in a muted teal.

Pewabic Pottery was founded by Mary Chase Perry and Horace James Caulkins in Detroit, Michigan, in 1903. She brought to the partnership her knowledge of iridescent glazes. Caulkins brought his high-temperature kiln design.

Mary

Mary Chase Perry Stratton, 1867-1961, was one of America’s most talented ceramists. Among her legacies are the ceramics department at the University of Michigan—and Pewabic Pottery.

In 1911, Pewabic Pottery moved to its present location, an elegant Tudor Revival building designed by William Buck Stratton, whom Perry married in 1918.

Stratton

The subject of my tile, Pewabic Pottery’s Tudor Revival establishment is on Jefferson Avenue in downtown Detroit.

Pewabic Pottery’s home is now a National Historic Landmark. Yet it also remains a working pottery, producing tiles, studio objects and ceramic installations for a host of architectural venues. The Nebraska State Capitol building is one example; the Shedd Aquarium in Chicago is another. Downtown Detroit’s People Mover has several of its stations tiled in Pewabic artwork.

Times

The Times Square Station of Detroit’s People Mover.

The pottery has a gift shop and also offers classes for adults and kids as well as an apprenticeship program for students of ceramics. It produces its own clays and glazes.

A tile begins with a special clay pressed into an appropriate mold, in the case of my tile, the “Pewabic Pottery House.”

tile

After its back is smoothed and embossed, the clay tile-to-be is withdrawn from its mold.

Once the back is smoothed, the year and possibly an artisan’s identifier are embossed. Then a tacky ball of another clay is used to withdraw the embossed object from the mold.

Marks

The bottom of my tile identifies it as having been produced by Pewabic in 1992, with what looks like a cardinal as its artisan’s mark.

Next, the clay is air-dried, for perhaps several days. Then come its glazing and its firing in a kiln, the latter at temperatures as high as 2500 degrees Fahrenheit.

firing

Ceramics production is a hot business indeed.

Pewabic Pottery has two kinds of kilns. A pair of manually operated “car kilns” have bases that roll into and out of the heat. The pottery’s Blaauw kiln is the latest thing in computer-controlled ceramic production. Dutch ceramist Gerard Blaauw and his brother, electrical engineer/computer whiz Leendert, formed this specialist kiln company more than 35 years ago.

Pewabic Pottery pieces are on display at the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Freer Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., and the Louvre in Paris.

And, for me, one of its objects is a perfect touchstone. ds

© Dennis Simanaitis, SimanaitisSays.com, 2013

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This entry was posted on January 27, 2013 by in And Furthermore... and tagged , .
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