Simanaitis Says

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YESTERDAY, SIMANAITISSAYS 2023 began discussing the pros and cons of BEVs versus ICEs, battery electric vehicles versus those with internal combustion engines. Today in Part 2 we discuss a third option in the transition away from fossil fuels: hybrids.

Definitions. A hybrid automobile, of course, has both traditional and electrical propulsion, the two power sources designed for optimized economy and performance, as well as cost of production and operation.

A full hybrid, typified by the Toyota Prius, has completely electric propulsion as much as 60 percent of the time. By contrast, a mild hybrid, as offered by Audi, Ford, Kia, and Volvo, uses electricity to augment ice performance, not replace it. A mild hybrid trades away full hybrid economy with its smaller battery’s lower cost.

Hybrids generate their own electricity, partly through ice operation, partly through regenerative braking. A separate variety, plug-in hybrids, can also replenish their batteries with BEV-like plug-ins.

Forget Range Anxiety. EPA’s Combined MPG ratings give BEVs the big numbers in terms of gasoline-equivalent mpg. The Lucid large BEV tops the list with 140 mpg. Full hybrids occupy the middle range of 50 mpg and up, with the added benefit of gasoline replenishment seemingly everywhere/anytime.

Covering Bets. At the Automotive News Congress, November 18, 2022, Hyundai N.A. CEO Jose Muñoz said, “We see this period as a transition period.” 

Jose Muñoz at the Automotive News Congress in Los Angeles. Image from Automotive News, November 18, 2022. 

“Based on the information we get from our customers,” Muñoz said, “not all are ready to transition to an EV in just one shot. We decided to invest in hybrid, hybrid plug-in and electric at the same time. This has given us a great conquest tool to bring customers from other brands. They think about the future, but they want to be sure.”

And Then There Are Fuel Cells. BMW’s Thomas Hofmann calls “Hydrogen Power the Yin to Battery Power’s Yang,” Automotive News, December 2, 2022.  That is, “fuel cell vehicles combine the emissions-free benefits of EVs with the quick refueling capability—three to five minutes—of gasoline-powered vehicles.”

BMW iX5 Hydrogen. Image from Automotive News, December 2, 2022

Automotive News reports, “A test fleet of BMW iX5 Hydrogen vehicles, based on the X5 crossover, will hit the road early next year as the automaker aims to commercialize the technology by decade’s end.”

“BMW,” Automotive News says, “is one of a few automakers that see fuel cell technology gaining traction in a world souring on emissions-spewing combustion engine vehicles.” 

Honda Plans. In the same issue, Automotive News reports “Honda Will Build a Fuel Cell CR-V in Ohio.” This sixth-generation compact crossover will start production in 2024. “In addition to … quick refueling and generous range,” Automotive News adds “the vehicle will feature a plug that will enable drivers to charge the onboard battery for electricity-powered trips around town.” 

Sorta a plug-in hybrid, only with a fuel cell replacing the ice.

Toyota—an Outlier? “Want your company to be the target of haters?” asks Lindsay Brooke, Editor-in-Chief, SAE Automotive Engineering. 

Brooke describes Toyota’s success story: “… launch a groundbreaking product that stuns your competitors, becomes synonymous with fuel economy and practicality—and delights more than 5 million customers across the planet. That ‘green car’ icon—Prius—is now entering its fifth generation with serious style and even greater efficiency.”

The 2023 fifth-generation Toyota Prius.

Yet Toyota is being criticized for not committing to 100-percent BEVs: “My morning news feed,” Brooke says, “usually includes some wannabe ‘experts’ dissing Akio Toyoda for not flipping a switch to shut down his company’s ICE and hybrid plants tomorrow.” 

Image from

I note as well that Toyota has been producing the Mirai for nearly seven years now. ds

© Dennis Simanaitis,, 2023 

2 comments on “WHY NOT HYBRIDS? PART 2

  1. Bill J
    January 2, 2023

    I see hydrogen as the way to go here. It seems like the biggest obstacle is fuel distribution. Will our electric grids be able to handle an EV in every driveway 50 years from now?

    • sabresoftware
      January 2, 2023

      BEVs while possibly realistic in urban environments have definite logistical issues for long distance, and/or remote area use. Fuel cells or even H2 fuelled ICE will therefore probably be a part of our automotive future.

      Petroleum is not just used for fuels, but also as a feedstock for many chemicals that we use. Alternatives for these chemicals will also have an impact on the environment. Producing cement for concrete is not necessarily any better CO2 wise than making asphalt. Despite the hate-on for plastics there are many uses for plastic that cannot easily be replaced with other materials. For example laminated windshields.

      The problems with plastics in the oceans is less to do with the plastics themselves and more to do with criminal dumping of waste materials of all kinds in the oceans.

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