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HERE’S AN update on fuel cells in several applications. These electrochemical devices, relatively new on the road, have produced electricity in extraterrestrial vehicles for decades. Indeed, the Gemini and Apollo programs of the 1960s and early 1970s had alkaline fuel cells, as did the Space Shuttle. The proton-exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell is more familiar in terrestrial applications such as the Toyota Mirai FCV and other fuel-cell automobiles.
GM as well has been developing PEM fuel-cell electric vehicles for years. In 2007-2008, its Project Driveway put 100 Chevrolet Equinox fuel-cell SUVs in public hands in regions of the country already supplied with the beginnings of hydrogen fuel infrastructure: Los Angeles/Orange County, New York City, and Washington, D.C.
As a update, Automotive News, June 18, 2018, reports “How Aerospace Could be a Key to GM’s Future in Fuel Cells.”
GM has entered into a joint venture with Liebherr-Aerospace of France to develop fuel-cell auxiliary power units for aircraft applications. Currently, APUs supplying aircraft lighting, air conditioning, and other electrical functions use small gas turbines.
Replacement by fuel-cell APUs could bring enhanced efficiency as well as other benefits: A PEM’s only emissions are heat and the purest of water. The heat could be employed to help maintain cabin temperature; the water could humidify cabin atmosphere and help operate flush toilets.
Still to be developed are needed fuel-cell modifications to meet airline specifications and certification.
GM has also established a defense unit focusing on military applications of its fuel cells. The Chevrolet Colorado ZH2 fuel-cell electric vehicle is a joint project with the U.S. Army.
In 2017, GM also established a joint venture with Honda to produce fuel-cell systems for automotive use beginning around 2020.
The point of these alliances, traditionally automotive and non-traditional, governmental and private, domestic and international, is multi-facted. It spreads development costs, encourages cooperative efforts, and shortens the time frame before such advanced technologies become commonplace to us all. ds
© Dennis Simanaitis, SimanaitisSays.com, 2018