On cars, old, new and future; science & technology; vintage airplanes, computer flight simulation of them; Sherlockiana; our English language; travel; and other stuff
THE WESTLAND LYSANDER is, according to U.K. Air Ministry documents, “a two-seater single-engined high-wing monoplane… designed and equipped for army cooperation.” Lizzie entered service in 1938, her initial role in ground observation and support.
“Two fixed Browning guns are mounted,” her Flight Manual reads, “one within each wheel fairing of the undercarriage, and a Lewis gun is carried on a pillar-type mounting in the rear cockpit.” There were also winglets that could be attached to her wheel struts for carrying bombs.
However, before long in World War II Lizzie got involved in Special Executive Operations supporting French Resistance espionage. As described in GMax Lizzie, she swapped her machine guns for an extended-range fuel tank. Leaving the aft gunner at home in England gave room for as many as four operatives to be delivered or retrieved in night missions in France.
Here are tidbits on Lizzie’s early combat version, including her livery, armament, and pilot’s gunsight.
Dual Citizenship. Because of the Nazi occupation of Poland in 1938 and the 1940 fall of France, Polish pilots deployed to the U.K. Among other responsibilities, they flew Lysanders displaying dual Royal Air Force/Polish Air Force livery.
In 1998, England’s Shuttleworth Collection acquired an ex-Royal Canadian Air Force Lysander painted to represent one that flew in the RAF’s 309 (Polish) Squadron. Subsequently, in 2000 this was changed to the all-black livery of 161 Squadron flying SOE missions.
With my modeling, I retrofitted my GMax SOE Lizzie to its earlier RAF/Polish livery and ground-support operational status.
Machine Guns Fore and Aft. A gunner residing in Lizzie’s aft cockpit opened the rear greenhouse to fire a Lewis machine gun carried on a rocking pillar mount. Eight ammunition drums replenished the Lewis.
GMax actuation of the rear canopy allows gunner orchestration as well: As the canopy opens and the Lewis rotates into place, the gunner rises, grasps the gun controls, and sweeps the sky for bandits.
Lizzie’s forward-firing Browning .303 machine guns were housed in her wheel spats. Hot air derived from the engine’s twin oil coolers was routed to keep these guns ready for operation. Each Browning had two ammunition boxes, 500 rounds/box, which had to last an entire mission.
The Pilot’s Reflector Gunsight. Lizzie’s pilot operated the Brownings through a control-stick firing button. Like other fighter pilots, in a sense he aimed the entire aircraft by means of a reflector gunsight.
The first rudimentary reflective gunsights appeared on German aircraft in World War I. As described by Wikipedia, “These sights work on the simple optical principle that anything at the focus of a lens … will appear to be sitting in front of the viewer at infinity.” The reflector allows “the viewer to see the infinity image and the field of view at the same time.”
World War Wings has an interesting Supermarine Spitfire gunsight tutorial.
GMax/Microsoft Flight Sim Tracers. The sim has clever coding that simulates tracer bullets with brightly orchestrated images that would otherwise be aircraft strobe lighting. The special effect has appropriate sound and even ejects spent cartridges.
The view through the gunsight is also useful to the pilot.
I promise to use Lizzie’s firepower for Good and never for Evil. ds
© Dennis Simanaitis, SimanaitisSays.com, 2019
Agg!!. In reviewing the item this morning, I realized that my Lysander Camo had swapped red and white in its Polish Air Force emblem! A few minutes with Paint Shop Pro remedied this lamentable oversight.
It sure beats running from drugstore to drugstore with Magic Markers.
An interesting read is”A Question of Honor: The Kosciuszko Squadron: Forgotten Heroes of World War II” by Lynne Olson and Stanley Cloud, about the expat Poles who flew with the RAF. I have it on Kindle, but Google Books also has it.