Simanaitis Says

On cars, old, new and future; science & technology; vintage airplanes, computer flight simulation of them; Sherlockiana; our English language; travel; and other stuff

ELECTING A PRESIDENT—1840 STYLE

IMAGINE: SOMEONE who actively campaigned to be president of the United States! And an old guy at that—William Henry Harrison was 67. Martin Van Buren, his incumbent opposition, had been caught up in the financial Panic of 1837. As reported in the U.S. History website, “The campaign of 1840 was heavy on image-making, less so on substance….”

Sound familiar? Indeed, it was the first of its kind and puts in perspective today’s political embarrassments.

m

At left, Martin Van Buren, 1782 – 1862, eighth president of the U.S. At right, William Henry Harrison, 1773 – 1841, ninth president of the U.S.

The Democrats had been in control since 1828. The newly formed Whig party had a choice of Henry Clay, previously of the Jeffersonian-Republican party, or William Henry Harrison, hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe way back in 1811.

m

Battle of Tippecanoe, 1811, near present-day Lafayette, Indiana. Nineteenth-century depiction by Alonzo Chappel.

Harrison’s defeat of the Shawnees led by Tecumseh was hardly a high point of America’s westward expansion. But it was good enough for the Whigs to choose him over Clay, who had baggage remaining from his years serving in the U.S. Congress.

m

Martin Van Buren, center, comments, “Hurrah for Nullification Stock. I am delighted, what will the D—d Whigs say, who cares now for Granny-Harrison.” The poster satirizes a surprising alliance between the Van Buren administration and southern states prior to the 1840 election.

Said the Democrats of “Granny” Harrison, “Give him a barrel of hard cider, and … a pension of two thousand a year … and … he will sit the remainder of his days in his log cabin.”

 

m

“Tippecanoe and Tyler too.” John Tyler was Harrison’s running mate, destined to be tenth president of the U.S.

The Whigs transformed hard cider into praise and added it to the slogan “Tippecanoe and Tyler too.” Harrison became “the log cabin and hard cider candidate,” a man of the common people. By contrast, they said, “Martin Van Ruin” was a wealthy snob, out of touch with the American public.

Where was the Pinocchio Meter when they needed it?

Actually, Harrison’s people were wealthy Virginia planters; he was born on Berkeley Plantation in 1773, destined to be the last president born as a British subject.

Van Buren’s family were Dutch-Americans; his father, an upstate New York farmer and tavern-keeper. Van Buren is recognized as the only president who spoke English as a second language. Born in 1782, Maarten was destined to be the first president born under the American flag.

So much for elitist versus the common man.

The campaign did make for good theatrics, however, in which the Harrison crowd seems to have hired the greater number of song writers.

m

“Old Tippecanoe, a Patriotic Song” written for the Young Men’s Whig Convention in Baltimore.

Other songs included The Gallant Old Hero, Gen. Harrison’s Quick Step, Good Old Hard Cider, The Harrison Song, The Harrison Waltz, The Log Cabin, Log Cabin and Log Cabin March and Quick Step.

m

At left, Harrison’s “cabin.” At right, “The Harrison Castle.” You decide.

Campaigners were not averse to poetic license. One Whig chant amplified on this: “Old Tip he wore a homespun coat/He had no ruffled shirt/wirt-wirt/But Matt he has a golden plate/and he’s a little squirt/wirt wirt.”

The “wirt wirts” were the sounds of spitting tobacco juice.

m

On a rather classier note, Van Buren was an acknowledged oenophile. Image from The International Wine & Food Society.

Van Buren expressed a preference for “prime Sicily, Madeira, or some other pleasant, but light and low wine to drink with dinner.”

Countered the Whigs: “Let Van from his coolers of silver drink wine/And Lounge on his cushioned settee,/Our man on a buckeye bench can recline,/Content with hard cider is he.”

m

A pro-Van Buren pull-tab flyer showed his appreciation of fine champagne versus hard cider.

A Van Buren ditty’s first line suggests the tune: “Rockabye, baby/Daddy’s a Whig/When he comes home/Hard cider he’ll swig/When he has swug/He’ll fall in a stu/And down will come/Tyler and Tippecanoe.”

I like “swug.”

Fully 80 percent of eligible voters turned out for the 1840 election. Since 1828, by the way, eligibility had no longer required property ownership of the (white male) voters. Turnouts in presidential elections hovered between 70 and 80 percent for the rest of the 19th century. Since then, these percentages have bounced between 50 and 60 percent.

Harrison swept the Electoral vote, 234 to 60. He carried 19 states versus Van Buren’s 7. However, the popular vote was closer: 52.9 to 46.8 percent.

Map

At an age of 68 years and 23 days on his inauguration day, Harrison remained the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan did so in January 1981, a month before his 80th birthday.

It was a cold and wet inauguration day, March 4, 1841. True to his backwoods image, phony though it was, Harrison wore neither overcoat nor hat and rode to the ceremony on horseback rather than in the proffered enclosed carriage. He then spoke for the longest inaugural address thus far, 1 hour 45 minutes.

Within a month, Harrison came down with a cold. Folk legend blames rigors of the inauguration, but it was three weeks after the event. He died nine days later, on April 4, 1841, supposedly of pneumonia and pleurisy. However, a 2014 medical analysis suggests Harrison died of enteric fever, traceable to proximity of the White House to a dumping ground for sewage and human waste.

Martin Van Buren continued in public life and, as an abolitionist, supported policies of Abraham Lincoln. Van Buren died in 1862, at the age of 79. In later life, he said, “As to the presidency, the two happiest days of my life were those of my entrance upon the office and my surrender of it.” ds

© Dennis Simanaitis, SimanaitisSays.com, 2016

One comment on “ELECTING A PRESIDENT—1840 STYLE

  1. Bill Urban
    July 29, 2016

    Den, I must add this prescient Van Buren quote that seems to have been directed at Janet Yellen:

    ” . . . there is a decisive objection to the issue of paper currency by governments, upon whatever principle it may be founded. The experience of all nations where this expedient has been adopted demonstrates that this is a prerogative that will always be abused. It gives almost unlimited facilities for raising money and has everywhere led to extravagant expenditures, public debt, and heavy burdens, always increasing and never diminished. Where extravagant appropriations can be met by a mere vote of Congress and without an immediate resort to the pockets of the people, there will be found no sufficient check to boundless prodigality, except when the government finally loses it’s credit by pushing it to excess. It is then that it reacts upon the people; for this great recourse being exhausted, the whole superstructure of credit falls on their hands, and they must bear it as best they can.”
    From Martin Van Burens reply to the Democratic Convention of Indiana on the subject of a national bank, in 1843.

    The monetary base is up almost five times since the ’08 recession began.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: