Simanaitis Says

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SWEDISH ROADS AS RUNWAYS—U.S. AND U.K. TOO?

THE TOP SECRET part of the photo shoot was Saab’s EV-1 concept car—not the Viggen jet fighter. And this was why we were on the runway of a Swedish Air Force base. On the other hand, as shown in the photo below, many roads in Sweden can be used by military aircraft. What’s more, maybe I’ve driven on roads in England and the U.S. configured with aircraft use in mind. Or maybe not.

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This road-going Saab is a JAS 39 Gripen, the company’s “Smart Fighter.” The image from x-plane-org has not been doctored.

The Swedes aren’t unique in this concept of roads as runways. In the closing portions of World War II, the Nazis used Autobahnen for aircraft deployment. Subsequently, during the Cold War, highway strips were developed on both sides of the Iron Curtain. Other European versions exist in Finland, Switzerland, Poland and the Czech Republic. North Korea, Singapore and Taiwan have them too.

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Exercise Torrent 2008, the Republic of Singapore.

Perhaps you’re heard as well that the U.S. Interstate system was designed with one mile out of every five capable of being used for B-52 takeoff or landing. A good story, but according to the U.S. Federal Highway Administration, only a garbled version of the truth.

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A U.S. Air Force C-130 Hercules sets down on the A29 Autobahn near Ahlhorn, Germany.

Federal Highway Administration information liaison specialist Richard F. Weingroff gives details in “One Mile in Five: Debunking the Myth.” In fact, evolving from the Defense Highway Act of 1941, a flight strip program was operated by the FHA’s predecessor and the U.S. Army Air Force.

As described in 1943, each flight strip was built in the direction of prevailing wind, with a shelter equipped with a telephone. These flight strips were designed for easy access to highways (not part of them) and varied in size. The smallest were 150-ft. wide and 4000 ft. long; length increased by 500 ft. for every 1000 ft. in elevation. Large strips were capable of handling heavy bombers of the era, including B-17 Flying Fortresses and B-24 Liberators.

The U.S. Congress considered including a flight strip program in the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1944, but didn’t follow through. There’s a myth that the one-straight-mile-in-five rule was part of the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1956, the legislation creating what evolved into the 42,800-mile Eisenhower Interstate Highway System. However, President Eisenhower didn’t propose any such rule; nor did Congress include it in the 1956 Act.

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It’s likely this image from the Federal Highway Administration website is purposely doctored.

Though my U.S. Interstate travels may not have overlapped with B-52 runways, I have first-hand proof of a near-miss just off the M4 in Great Britain.

Grand Prix driver Innes Ireland lived on Wickham Heath, near Hungerford, not far from the A338 exit of the M4 about 60 miles west of London. Nearby is Welford, home of RAF Welford, then and now, one of the largest U.S. Air Force compounds of heavy munitions in Europe.

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A composite of Google Images showing Wickham’s Five Bells (excellent Ploughman’s), RAF Welford and the M4, in West Berkshire, about 60 miles west of London.

Eastbound on the M4 a few miles east of the A338 exit, there’s a sign that reads “Works Unit Only.” This non-exit, of sorts, leads directly to RAF Welford. The sign’s only giveaway to this destination is its red border, Brit signage for a “defence” establishment.

Innes said local lore had it this is how nuclear weapons made their way into and out of the compound—and maybe how B-52s were to make their way to and from the M4.

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Full disclosure: This Google Image may have been doctored.

Innes and I cajoled ourselves into driving down the mysterious road once. But not very far. ds

© Dennis Simanaitis, SimanaitisSays.com, 2016

2 comments on “SWEDISH ROADS AS RUNWAYS—U.S. AND U.K. TOO?

  1. Mike B
    March 29, 2016

    Considering the runway needs of most Air Force aircraft, even 2-3 miles between interchanges would have been iffy. One mile for a B52? ROFL. Even if you were able to land it without tearing the wings off in the roadside landscaping and lights, you’d have to take it out in pieces on trucks.

    On a small scale, there are many “residential airpark” communities in the U.S. where the local streets are in effect taxiways between the runway and the houses with hangars for garages. A couple in CA (by no means all of them) include Cameron Park near Placerville and Sierra Skypark in Fresno. They have things like street name and stop signs on 2′ poles to clear wings etc.

    I’m not sure it it’s still officially designated, but in an old A/FD from back when I developed stuff for Flight Sim 4 I found this in Nevada (hardly enough for a B52!):

    Stevens-Crosby (08U) (that’s a zero) N41:30.94 W115:51.59
    6397
    RWY 01-19: 3600×50 (DIRT)

    Remarks: Unattended. Rwy doubles as a road. …

    CHP used to have observation planes equipped with STOL options allowing them to land and take off, if necessary, in that mile between overpasses (and to be able to actually pace speeders). They did occasionally operate that way on Interstates for emergencies before helicopters became more or less universal in that business.

  2. Michael Rubin
    March 29, 2016

    Innes Ireland was quite a guy. Managed to get a tour of the Nurburgring Nordschlife with him in his Toyota Tercel with running commentary all the way around. He joined us for dinners during the Michelin trip that included the Formula One of Europe race at the new Nurburgring he was covering for R&T. Quite a story teller, great sense of humor.

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This entry was posted on March 29, 2016 by in Just Trippin' and tagged , , , , , .
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